Supreme Court had  released a Handbook on Gender Stereotypes

Handbook on Gender Stereotypes Recently the Chief Justice of India (CJI) released a handbook, incorporating gender stereotypes with the purpose of guiding judges in avoiding the usage of inappropriate gender terms in court orders and legal documents. Under this document, it includes the legal discourse

Supreme Court had  released a Handbook

This handbook is prepared by a committee headed by Calcutta High Court judge Moushumi Bhattacharya, where this handbook not only identifies language that promotes gender stereotypes and offered suitable alternatives but also flags common but incorrect reasoning patterns based on gender stereotypes. This stereotypes. The stereotypes include those bias which is based on her choice of clothes, her sexual past, and how her actions and statements are assessed in judicial proceedings during her pleading in court.

Suggested Language in Supreme Court’s Handbook

Stereotype Promoting Language (Incorrect)Alternative Language (Preferred)
AffairRelationship outside of marriage
Concubine / keepWoman with whom a man has had romantic or sexual relations outside of marriage
Child prostituteRelationships outside of marriage
Eve teasingStreet sexual harassment
Forcible rapeRape
Hooker / ProstituteSex worker
LadylikeThe child who has been trafficked
Marriageable ageA woman who has attained the legal age required to marry
MistressWoman with whom a man has had romantic or sexual relations outside of marriage
Unwed MotherMother
Woman of loose morals / easy virtue / promiscuous woman / wanton woman / whoreWoman
Violated (e.g., he violated her)Clothing/dress
Use a gender-neutral description of behaviour or characteristics (e.g., amusing or assertive)Sexually harassed/assaulted or raped
Ravished (e.g., she was “ravished” by him)Provocative clothing/dress
Survivor or Victim?An individual who has been affected by sexual violence may identify themselves as either a “survivor” or “victim”. Both terms are applicable unless the individual has expressed a preference, in which case the individual’s preference should be respected.

Handbook on Gender Stereotypes

Who published the handbook on gender stereotypes?

Supreme Court published the handbook on gender stereotypes